#Gamilaraay Lingo Lesson : Family

I would like to start by paying my respect to Elders past, present and future from all areas.


Again I am not an expert, but am on a learning journey and would like to share with anyone who shares my interest.

This weeks lesson is on Dhiyaan or Family. The words covered this week were;


  • Mother – Gunii pronounced ‘Guun – e’
  • Father – Bubaa pronounced ‘Bu – Baa’
  • Daughter – Miyay pronounced ‘Me – yay’
  • Son – Birray pronounced ‘Beer – ay’
  • Baby – Gaaynggal pronounced ‘Gwon – gal’
  • Younger Sister – Bagaan pronounced ‘ba – gan’
  • Older Sister – Baawaa pronounced ‘Baa – Waa’
  • Younger Brother – Galumaay pronounced ‘Gal – u – my’
  • Older Brother – Dhaya pronounced ‘Dye – a’
  • Aunt (Mother’s Sister) – Gunidjar pronounced ‘Guun – e  jar’
  • Aunt (Father’s Sister) – Giluu pronounced ‘Gi – loo’
  • Uncle (Mother’s Brother) – Garruu pronounced ‘Gar – wuu’
  • Uncle (Father’s Brother) – Yugin pronounced ‘You – gine’
  • Nephew – Gunubingaa pronounced ‘Guu – nu – bing – ar’
  • Niece – Gunugayngaa pronounced ‘Guu – nu – gyne – ar’
  • Cousin – Dhagaan pronounced ‘Tha – gaan’
  • Grandfather (Mother’s Father) – Dhaadhaa pronounced ‘Daa – daa’
  • Grandfather (Father’s Father) – Dhilaagaa pronounced ‘Th – laa – gar’
  • Grandmother (Mother’s Mother) – Badhii pronounced ‘Ba – dee’
  • Grandmother (Father’s Mother) – Mamaay pronounced ‘Ma – my’
  • Husband – Guliirr pronounced ‘Gool – ear’
  • Wife – Guliir pronounced ‘Gool – ear’
  • Family Land – Ngurrambaa pronounced ‘Nu – ram – baa’

It is important to note that in traditional families the aunts and uncles were considered to be additional parents. They were involved in the nurturing and the punishment of their nieces and nephews. This was done so that the relationship between the child and their parents was never strained and that they would always receive and give unconditional love to and from their parents.


Thank you everyone for participating and taking the  time to read and contribute to this blog and the #Gamilaraay Lingo lessons on twitter each week.

Next weeks topic will be ‘Around the camp/home’


#Gamilaraay Lingo lesson 3: The Body

Yaamagara welcome to the #Gamilaraay Lingo Lesson 3: The Body.

I would like to start by paying my respect to Elders Past, present and future from all areas.

Again I am not an expert but am learning and sharing my journey.


This week the topic was the Body. The words we learnt this week were;


  • Head – Dhaygal pronounced ‘Dye – gal’
  • Hair – Dhurrun pronounced ‘Du – Run’
  • Eyes – Mil pronounced ‘Mil’
  • Ears – Bina pronounced ‘Bin – a’
  • Nose – Muru pronounced ‘Mu – ru’
  • Mouth – Ngaay prononounced ‘Nay’
  • Tooth – Yira pronounced ‘Ear – a’
  • Heart – Gii pronounced ‘Ghee’
  • Face – Ngulu pronounced ‘Nu – lu’
  • Arms – Bungun pronounced ‘Buun – guun’
  • Hand – Mara pronounced ‘Ma – ra’
  • Fingers – Mara pronounced ‘Ma – ra’
  • Chest – Biri pronounced ‘Beer – e’
  • Belly – Mubal pronounced ‘Muu – bal’
  • Legs – Buyu pronounced ‘Bu – yu’
  • Feets and toes – Dhina pronounced ‘Din – a’
  • Lungs – Gaban pronounced ‘Gub – un’
  • Bain – Gumbirri pronounced ‘Gom – beer – e’
  • Blood – Guway pronounced ‘Gway’

I was also asked to put up heads shoulders knees and toes so that people could llear the words through the song so please see below.


Dhaygal, walarr, dhinbirr dhina

(Head, shoulder, knees, toes)

Dhinbirr, dhina

(Knees, toes)

Dhaygal, walarr, dhinbirr dhina

(Heads, shoulder, knees, toes)

Dhinbirr, dhina

(Knees, toes)

Ngay mil, ngay bina, ngay ngaay, ngay muru

(my eyes, my ears, my mouth, my nose)

Dhaygal, walarr, dhinbirr, dhina

(head, shoulder, knees, toes)

dhinbirr, dhina

(knees, toes)


Thanks again everyone for participating and sharing this journey with me. Next weeks #Gamilaraay Lingo Lessons topic will be Dhiiyaan – Family.




#Gamilaraay Lingo Lesson 2: Animals

Yamaagara and welcome to the blog for the 2nd #Gamilaraay Lingo lesson this weeks lesson focused on animals.

Again before I start I would like to point out that I am not and expert and that I am on a learning journey that I would like to share.

The animals learnt this week were;


  • Grey Kangaroo (also general for Kangaroo) – Bandaarr pronounced ‘Bun – Dar’
  • Echidna – Bigibilla pronounced ‘Big – e – bill – a’
  • Dingo – Marayn pronounced ‘Ma – rain’
  • Goanna – Guugaarr pronounced ‘Goo – Gar’
  • Emu – Dhinawan pronounced ‘Dina – Wan’
  • Long necked Turtle – Girrabirrii pronounced ‘Gear – a – beer – e’
  • Fish (General) – Guya pronounced ‘Gu – Ya’
  • Brown Falcon – Biyaagaarr pronounced ‘Bee – ya – gar’
  • Wedge tailed eagle – Maliyan pronounced ‘Mal – e – yan’
  • Black Cockatoo – Billiir pronounced ‘Bil – ear’
  • Kookaburra – Gugurrgaagaa pronounced ‘Gu – gur – ga – ga’
  • Willy wagtail – Dhirridhirri pronounced ‘dir – e – dir – e’
  • Magpie – Burrugarrbuu pronounced ‘Boo – ru – gar – d – bu’
  • Platypus – Buubumurr pronounced ‘Buu – bu – mor’

Thank you everyone for participating and your support. 


The topic for #Gamilaraay Lingo lesson 3 will be the body.


#Gamilaraay Lingo Lesson 1

Yaamagara, welcome to the #Gamilaraay Lingo Lessons blog for the 1st lesson from the 28th May 2013. Each week after the lesson on Twitter I will be blogging the lesson.

I want to start by saying that I am not and do not claim to be an expert. I am doing these lessons and blog to increase my knowledge and to share my learning journey with whoever is interested enough to come along with me. I also would like to point out that what I share is what I have learnt and been taught, this may at times differ to what others have been taught and I respect that.

Lesson one The Basics.

The Gamilaraay nation is one of the largest nations in Eastern Australia. The nation stretched from north of Goondiwindi south to Murrundi, west from Coonabarabran to east of Inverell.

Gamilaraay was not a written language, this has lead to many variations of words including the name. There are many variations, but the 4 most common (that I have come across) are Gamilaraay, Gomeroi, Gamilaroi and Kamilaroi. Some people do not particularly like the spelling with a “K” as there is no “K” sound in the language.

The words learnt were;

  • “Gamilaraay”  – is based on the words “Gamil” and “Araay” which mean “No” and “Having” respectively. Many nations were known by the word they used for ‘no’ as this was a word that differed across most nations.
  • “Hello” – “Yaamagara” pronounced “Yar – ma – gar -a”
  • “Goodbye” – As far as I am aware there is no word for “Goodbye”, as “goodbye” is seen as a final act, unless the person is passing there always a chance that you will see them again.
  • “Yes” – “Yaama” pronounced “Yar – ma”. Yaama is also used to indicate that a question requires a yes or no answer.
  • “No” – “Gamil” pronounced “Ga – mil”

Each week we will look at a different theme. The theme for next week is Animals.

I hope all who participated and those who have taken the time to read this have enjoyed themselves and learnt something.